文章摘要
李立明,詹思延,池慧,邓瑛,王岚,王波.关于改革完善重大疫情防控救治体系的建议[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(7):981-985
关于改革完善重大疫情防控救治体系的建议
Suggestions on reforming and improving the prevention and treatment system for major epidemic diseases in China
收稿日期:2020-04-07  出版日期:2020-07-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200407-00521
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎;重大疫情防控救治;建议
英文关键词: COVID-19;Control and treatment of major epidemic diseases;Suggestions
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李立明 北京大学公共卫生学院 100191 lmlee@vip.163.com 
詹思延 北京大学公共卫生学院 100191  
池慧 中国医学科学院医学信息研究所, 北京 100020  
邓瑛 北京预防医学会 100013  
王岚 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 北京 102206  
王波 美年健康研究院, 北京 100191  
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中文摘要:
      针对重大疫情防控救治,在系统梳理临床治疗、疾病控制和科学研究三者定位的基础上,结合本次新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情暴露出来的问题,提出了改革完善我国重大疫情防控救治体系的建议。临床治疗方面,要加强医务人员依法报告意识,强化症状检测能力,充分发挥传染病直报系统的作用,建立健全新发突发传染病的国家或地方监测平台。疾病控制方面,要从法律和体制机制上赋予疾控相关权限和保障,提升疾控队伍的数量和质量,加强防控与应急需求为导向的应用性研究和技术储备。科学研究方面,要加强以国家需求为导向的科研立项,建设重大疫情应对中“一锤定音”的科研机构,建立国家和区域传染病重点实验室,加强新发突发传染病防控救治的战略技术储备。
英文摘要:
      Based on systematic review of the role of clinical treatment, disease control and scientific research, and combining with the problems exposed by the COVID-19 epidemic, suggestions were proposed to reform and improve the prevention and treatment system for major epidemics diseases in China. In clinical treatment, it is necessary to enhance clinical staff's awareness of law-based reporting, capabilities of syndromic surveillance, the use of infectious diseases reporting systems, and to improve national or local monitoring platforms for emerging infectious diseases detection. In terms of disease control, it is important to provide authorities to disease control departments through laws and regulations, improve the quantity and quality of related human resources, and strengthen the applied research and technical readiness targeted infections disease prevention, control and emergency preparedness. As for scientific research in major epidemic response, it is essential to strengthen research projects guided by national requests, build research institutions that can "make a final decision", establish national and regional key laboratories, and strengthen strategic technical reserve for emergency disease control and treatment.
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