文章摘要
曹蓝,刘艳慧,李魁彪,陆剑云,鲁恩洁,陈艺韵,夏丹,狄飚,张周斌.广州市2014-2019年H5亚型禽流感病毒流行与基因遗传特征分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(7):1115-1120
广州市2014-2019年H5亚型禽流感病毒流行与基因遗传特征分析
Epidemiological and genetic characteristics of H5 subtype avian influenza virus in Guangzhou, 2014-2019
收稿日期:2019-07-30  出版日期:2020-07-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20190730-00565
中文关键词: 禽流感;流行;遗传进化;变异
英文关键词: Avian influenza virus;Epidemiology;Genetic evolution;Variation
基金项目:广东省自然科学基金(2019A1515011510);广州市卫生健康科技项目(20201A011052,20181A011052);广东省医学科研基金(A2018196,A2016056);广州市医学重点学科建设项目(2017-2019-07);国家科技重大专项(2017ZX10103011-005);广州市卫生和计划生育委员会重大项目(20181A031002);广州市科技计划(201707010451,201804010093)
作者单位E-mail
曹蓝 广州市疾病预防控制中心病毒免疫部 510440  
刘艳慧 广州市疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制部 510440  
李魁彪 广州市疾病预防控制中心病毒免疫部 510440  
陆剑云 广州市疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制部 510440  
鲁恩洁 广州市疾病预防控制中心病毒免疫部 510440  
陈艺韵 广州市疾病预防控制中心病毒免疫部 510440  
夏丹 广州市疾病预防控制中心病毒免疫部 510440  
狄飚 广州市疾病预防控制中心病毒免疫部 510440 biao65di@yahoo.com 
张周斌 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440 gzcdczzb@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析广州市H5亚型禽流感病毒流行特点及基因进化和变异特征,为禽流感的防控提供依据。方法 对2014-2019年广州市禽类市场外环境标本进行禽流感病毒核酸检测并分析H5亚型流行情况,随机选取48份(46份来源于环境和2份来源于病例)H5阳性标本进行HA和NA基因测序,应用生物信息学软件分析分子遗传特征。结果 2014-2019年监测的52 284份环境标本中,检出H5亚型阳性标本1 094份,阳性率为2.09%。遗传进化分析显示,HA基因属于Clade 2.3.4.4.C分支,NA基因主要归属于欧亚谱系H6N6进化分支,HA和NA基因的进化以时间聚类为特点,相近年份流行株聚成一个进化分支。分子特征显示,48份毒株裂解位点呈现高致病性分子特点,受体结合位点仍为禽源受体,但普遍发生S123P、S133A和T156A倾向结合人源受体的位点突变。抗原位点变异主要出现在B、E区,并表现时间分布的特点,同一年份流行株常发生与上一年份流行株不同的抗原位点变异。2017年开始所有毒株出现由氨基酸缺失导致的糖基化位点的增加(140-NHT)。结论 广州市禽类市场外环境H5亚型禽流感病毒长期流行,且阳性率占比逐渐升高。测序分析提示,广州市H5亚型禽流感病毒为Clade 2.3.4.4.C分支H5N6高致病性病毒,并且持续进化和变异,特别是普遍出现与人源受体结合能力增强的突变,需加强监测。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the characteristics of spread and genetic evolution of H5 subtype avian influenza virus in Guangzhou from 2014 to 2019. Methods H5 subtype virus was detected by fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR from the environmental samples in Guangzhou poultry markets. The genes of HA and NA of 48 isolates randomly selected were sequenced, including 46 isolates from environmental samples and 2 isolates from cases. The characteristics of molecular variation and genetic evolution were analyzed by using bioinformatics software. Results A total of 1 094 strains of H5 subtype avian influenza virus were isolated from 52 284 samples (2.09%). All the strains belonged to Clade 2.3.4.4.C. NA gene belonged to H6N6 of Eurasian lineage. The cleavage sites of all the strains showed the characteristics of highly pathogenicity. Receptor binding sites were avian-derived receptors. However, mutations of S123P, S133A and T156A occurred, which implied that these strains could tend to bind to human receptors. There was an additional glycosylation site at 140 in strains isolated after 2017. The variation of antigen loci mainly occurred in B and E regions. Conclusions H5 subtype avian influenza virus spread in Guangzhou from 2014 to 2019 with annual increased proportion of positive rate, and the sequencing results indicated that it belonged to Clade 2.3.4.4.C of H5N6 highly pathogenic virus, and genetic evolution and mutation continued, especially the common mutations which could enhance the binding capacity to human receptors. It is necessary to strengthen the surveillance.
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