文章摘要
王丽敏,关云琦.睡眠状况与主要慢性病患病的关系[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(8):1237-1241
睡眠状况与主要慢性病患病的关系
Association between sleep status and prevalence of major chronic diseases
收稿日期:2020-05-29  出版日期:2020-08-25
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200529-00788
中文关键词: 睡眠时间;失眠;睡眠障碍;高血压;糖尿病;肥胖
英文关键词: Sleep duration;Insomnia;Sleep disorder;Hypertension;Diabetes;Obesity
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王丽敏 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心监测室, 北京 100050 wanglimin@ncncd.chinacdc.cn 
关云琦 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心监测室, 北京 100050  
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中文摘要:
      睡眠是一项重要的生理活动,随着现代生活节奏的不断加快,人们的平均睡眠时间不断减少,睡眠障碍或失眠率日益升高。睡眠时间过少、睡眠障碍或失眠可导致高血压、糖尿病、肥胖和血脂异常等主要慢性病患病/发病率升高。目前,慢性病已经成为我国居民的主要死亡原因和疾病负担,《健康中国行动(2019-2030)》中明确指出:慢性病防控要“关口前移”,将“失眠现患率上升趋势减缓”作为预期指标和“成人睡眠7~8小时”作为倡导性指标。本期重点号文章为我国和不同区域居民的睡眠状况提供了基础数据,为睡眠与主要慢性病研究奠定了基础,也为慢性病防控“关口前移”提供了科学依据。
英文摘要:
      Sleep is an important physiological activity. With the changing life style in this modern world, the average duration of sleep in human beings is decreasing, and the prevalence of sleep disorder or insomnia is increasing. Short duration and disorders of sleep or insomnia may often lead to increased prevalence/incidence of major chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity and dyslipidemia. Currently, chronic diseases have become the main causes of death and with high disease burden among the Chinese. In the Healthy China Initiative (2019-2030), prevention and control of chronic diseases including "moving forward", "slowing down the upward trend of the prevalence of insomnia" as the expected indices and "extending the sleep duration of adults to 7-8 hours a day" as the advocacy index, were all called for. In this group of articles, basic data for sleep status of adults in different regions of the country was provided to help understand the relations between sleep and major chronic diseases, and strategies related to prevention and control of chronic diseases.
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