文章摘要
贾予平,曹国庆,赵锐,张屹,何立伟,魏云芳,黄露,李若岚,高旭东,贾宁,杨陈,沈凡.新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间集中空调通风系统风险调查实施技术规范团体标准解读[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(9):1381-1384
新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间集中空调通风系统风险调查实施技术规范团体标准解读
Interpretation for the group standards in technical specification for health risk investigation of central air conditioning ventilation system during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic
收稿日期:2020-05-14  出版日期:2020-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200514-00722
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎;集中空调通风系统;健康风险调查;技术规范;团体标准
英文关键词: COVID-19;Central air conditioning ventilation system;Health risk investigation;Technical specification;Group standard
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
贾予平 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心 100013  
曹国庆 中国建筑科学研究院有限公司建筑环境与能源研究院, 北京 100013  
赵锐 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心 100013  
张屹 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心 100013  
何立伟 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心 100013  
魏云芳 朝阳区疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100021  
黄露 东城区疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100036  
李若岚 西城区疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100029  
高旭东 北京市卫生健康监督所 100034  
贾宁 东城区卫生健康监督所, 北京 100027  
杨陈 东城区卫生健康监督所, 北京 100027  
沈凡 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心 100013 feishershen@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      集中空调通风系统对集中隔离医学观察点和一般楼宇等建筑物内部的空气流通起着重要作用。为满足北京市应对新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情联防联控、平战结合的工作要求,北京预防医学会组织北京市CDC等多单位撰写了《新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间集中空调通风系统风险调查实施技术规范(T/BPMA 0006-2020)》团体标准,针对类似呼吸道传染病暴发流行期间集中空调风险防控特殊性,从传染病预防控制角度,以现行法律法规为基础,以“科学性、实用性、统一性、规范性”为原则,梳理归纳了集中隔离医学观察点和一般楼宇集中空调通风系统新风口位置、空调方式、空调回风方式、空调风系统、气流组织、新风量、排风和空调部件8项风险调查要点,并对调查实施内容、流程、方法、资料分析和结论建议等提出明确定义和统一要求。规范和指导疾病控制和卫生监督等机构开展相关风险防控工作,为城市管理中的此类重大突发公共卫生事件提供解决思路和标准支持。
英文摘要:
      The central air conditioning ventilation system plays an important role in the air circulation of buildings such as centralized isolation medical observation points and general public buildings. In order to meet the requirements of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control, Beijing Preventive Medicine Association organized Beijing CDC and other professional institutes to write up the group standard entitled “Technical specification for health risk investigation of central air conditioning ventilation system during the COVID-19 epidemic (T/BPMA 0006-2020)”. According to the particularity of central air conditioning ventilation system risk control during the outbreak of similar respiratory infectious diseases, based on current laws and regulations and the principle of scientific, practical, consistency and normative, 8 key points of risk investigations were summarized, which were the location of fresh air outlet, air conditioning mode, air return mode, air system, air distribution, fresh air volume, exhaust and air conditioner components. The contents, process, method, data analysis and conclusion of the investigation implementation were also defined and unified. It could standardize and guide institutions such as disease control and health supervision to carry out relevant risk managements, and provided solutions and technical supports for such major public health emergencies in city operations.
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