文章摘要
席波,宋逸,马军.预防成年人心血管疾病应重视儿童期危险因素防控[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(9):1428-1432
预防成年人心血管疾病应重视儿童期危险因素防控
Prevention of cardiovascular disease in adulthood should attach importance to related risk factors in childhood
收稿日期:2020-07-02  出版日期:2020-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200702-00911
中文关键词: 心血管疾病;危险因素;儿童;青少年
英文关键词: Cardiovascular disease;Risk factor;Child;Adolescent
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81673195)
作者单位E-mail
席波 山东大学齐鲁医学院公共卫生学院流行病学系/山东大学儿童心血管研究中心, 济南 250012  
宋逸 北京大学公共卫生学院/北京大学儿童青少年卫生研究所 100191  
马军 北京大学公共卫生学院/北京大学儿童青少年卫生研究所 100191 majunt@bjmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      心血管疾病相关危险因素在儿童青少年时期呈现流行状态,尤其表现为肥胖、血压偏高和不健康生活方式检出率呈现增加的趋势。预防成年人心血管疾病必须重视儿童期相关危险因素的防控,预防儿童肥胖是关键措施、控制儿童血压是首要目标、培养儿童健康生活方式是重要基础。通过儿童期危险因素的防控,能够有效实现成年人心血管疾病防治关口前移,将为儿童心血管疾病危险因素的预防和干预提供科学依据,也为成年期心血管疾病的早期预防提供新的视角。
英文摘要:
      Most cardiovascular disease (CVD) related risk factors are prevalent in children and adolescents, especially obesity, elevated blood pressure (BP) and increased unhealthy lifestyle. To prevent CVD in adulthood, it is necessary to attach importance to the prevention and control of CVD risk factors in childhood. Of note, the prevention of childhood obesity is key measure, the control of childhood BP is the first goal, and the development of healthy lifestyle is important basis. The prevention and control of CVD risk factors in childhood can benefit the future prevention and treatment of CVD in adulthood, provide scientific base for the prevention and intervention of cardiovascular risk factors in childhood, and provide new perspective for the early prevention of cardiovascular diseases in adulthood.
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