文章摘要
程思,刁菲,韩孟杰,刘方华,曹宏华,徐慧芳,曹晓斌.广州市外籍人员网络社交特征及临时性行为的相关因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2021,42(10):1850-1854
广州市外籍人员网络社交特征及临时性行为的相关因素分析
Analysis of factors related to the online social interaction and causal sexual behaviors among foreigners in Guangzhou
收稿日期:2021-04-06  出版日期:2021-10-23
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20210406-00283
中文关键词: 外籍;社会支持;性行为
英文关键词: Foreigners;Social support;Sexual behavior
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2018ZX10101002-004-003)
作者单位E-mail
程思 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
刁菲 中国疾病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
韩孟杰 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
刘方华 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440  
曹宏华 广东药科大学附属第三医院, 广州 510410  
徐慧芳 广东省疾病预防控制中心, 广州 511430  
曹晓斌 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206
中国疾病预防控制中心, 北京 102206 
caoxb@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析广州市外籍人员的社会支持、网络社交、性行为特征及相关因素,为有效开展外籍人员干预活动提供参考依据。方法 采用横断面调查研究设计,在2019年11月至2020年1月,对符合标准的研究对象采用线下和线上相结合的方式开展调查,收集人口学特征、社会支持、网络社交行为、性行为等信息。采用统计学方法对可能影响临时性行为的因素进行分析。结果 纳入研究的434名外籍人员中,线下调查241人,线上调查193人。男性占68.4%(297/434);年龄(31.0±8.8)岁;来源地为非洲地区的占79.0%(343/434);经商占46.5%(202/434),学生占48.2%(209/434);在中国有生意伙伴、家人陪伴的比例分别为59.4%(258/434)和28.1%(122/434);在中国有关系密切的朋友<10人的比例为57.1%(248/434);每日使用社交软件时间为1~3 h的占43.3%(188/434);最近3个月发生临时性行为占15.2%(55/363)。Logistic多元回归分析结果显示,与每日使用社交软件时间<1 h者相比,>6 h者更有可能最近3个月发生临时性行为(OR=3.63,95%CI:1.31~10.08)。结论 广州市外籍人员中每日使用社交软件时间较长者更有可能发生临时性行为。合理运用社交软件进行艾滋病宣传教育可促进外籍人员的健康意识。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the social support, social network, and sexual behavior characteristics of foreigners living in Guangzhou, analyze factors relating to aspects of online social interactions and sexual behaviors of foreigners in Guangzhou, and provide references for targeted HIV intervention services for foreigners. Methods A cross-sectional survey (both online and offline), among those who met the inclusion criteria was conducted between November 2019 and January 2020. Data were collected on demographics, social support, online social interactions, sexual behaviors, and so on. Statistics were compiled to analyze the factors that may influence casual sexual behaviors. Results A total of 434 participants were included in the study (241 offline and 193 online). The majority of the participants were male 68.4% (297/434), age (31.0±8.8) years old, African 79.0% (343/434), business people 46.5% (202/434), students 48.2% (209/434), who have business partners and family members in China were 59.4% (258/434) and 28.1% (122/434) separately. They also had the following features:less than 10 close friends 57.1% (248/434); spend 1-3 hours on social applications per day 43.3% (188/434), had casual sexual behaviors in the last 3 months 15.2% (55/363). Multiple logistic regression model analysis showed that compared with those who used social applications for less than 1 hour per day, participants who used social applications for more than 6 hours per day were more likely to have casual sexual behaviors in the last 3 months (OR=3.63, 95%CI:1.31-10.08). Conclusions Participants who used social applications for a longer period every day were more likely to have casual sexual behaviors among foreigners in Guangzhou. Good use of social applications for health promotion and education of HIV can increase the health awareness of foreigners in China.
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