文章摘要
宁佩珊,胡国清.行人分心流行特征与干预研究进展[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(2):277-281
行人分心流行特征与干预研究进展
Progress on epidemiological characteristics and interventions of pedestrian distraction
收稿日期:2021-06-29  出版日期:2022-02-16
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20210629-00503
中文关键词: 行人分心  交通安全  流行现状  影响因素  干预措施
英文关键词: Pedestrian distraction  Road safety  Epidemiological situation  Influencing factor  Intervention measure
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(82073672,82103950);湖南省自然科学基金(2021JJ40808)
作者单位E-mail
宁佩珊 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 长沙 410078  
胡国清 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 长沙 410078 huguoqing009@gmail.com 
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中文摘要:
      行人分心是交通伤害的重要危险因素之一。本文就国内外行人分心流行特征、影响因素、安全影响,以及现有干预措施进行综述。结果显示:①行人分心发生率高,严重威胁行人安全,但当前大多数行人分心流行特征研究集中于手机使用,采用不同研究方法、来自不同国家的行人分心发生率存在较大差异;②人口学特征、社会心理和环境是行人分心发生的主要影响因素;③行人分心通过对生理认知、运动控制、过街效率和过街行为造成不同程度的影响,威胁行人安全;④工程干预和教育是最常见的行人分心干预措施,但大多数措施的效果未被严格评估。建议未来从多学科角度开展深入的流行病学研究,精准设计干预措施,严格评估干预措施的效果,为减少行人分心、提高行人交通安全提供科学依据。
英文摘要:
      Pedestrian distraction is one of the important risk factors of road injury. This review summarized the epidemiological characteristics, influencing factors, safety implications, and the published intervention measures. The review found that: a) the prevalence of pedestrian distraction poses a serious threat to pedestrian safety, but most epidemiological studies on pedestrian distraction focus on mobile phone use, and the incidence of pedestrian distraction varied greatly across studies using various research methods and from different countries; b) demographic characteristics, social psychology, and environment are the three main influencing factors of pedestrian distraction; c) distraction differently affected physiology, cognition, motion control, efficiency and behavior of pedestrian's street-crossing to some degrees, threatening the safety of pedestrian; d) engineering interventions and education were the most common interventions to prevent pedestrian distraction currently, but the effectiveness of most measures was not assessed rigorously. In the future, multidisciplinary and systematic epidemiological studies are recommended to design interventions purposely and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions through rigorous designs, providing scientific evidence for reducing pedestrian distraction and improving road safety of pedestrians.
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