文章摘要
杨维中,张婷.高度不确定新发传染病的应对策略和措施[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(5):627-633
高度不确定新发传染病的应对策略和措施
Strategy and measures in response to highly uncertain emerging infectious disease
收稿日期:2022-02-10  出版日期:2022-05-13
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220210-00106
中文关键词: 新发传染病;不确定性;卫生应急;传染病控制
英文关键词: Emerging infectious diseases;Uncertainty;Public health emergency response;Infectious disease control
基金项目:中国医学科学院医学与健康科技创新工程(2021-I2M-1-044);北京协和医学院科研基金(2021P062QG008)
作者单位E-mail
杨维中 中国医学科学院北京协和医学院群医学及公共卫生学院, 北京 100730 ywz126@vip.sina.com 
张婷 中国医学科学院北京协和医学院群医学及公共卫生学院, 北京 100730  
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中文摘要:
      新发传染病发生和发展具有高度不确定性。本文总结了新发传染病的复杂性和不确定性,提出面对未来万变的新发传染病,人类应不断提高防治能力,完善其各种准备为不变的策略,去应对万变的新发传染病。应做好传染病监测工作网络的布局,建立传染病实验室监测工作网络并保持常规运转,建立和完善医疗救治和处置的平战结合平战转换制度和机制,制定和完善新发传染病防控预案,加强新发传染病救治和处置的培训和演练,建立健全突发公共卫生事件应急医药物资的分级分类储备保障制度,建立和运维传染病早期预警的制度和技术平台等管理措施,使应对新发传染病的工作更加从容有序,减少传染病对人民健康和生命的危害。
英文摘要:
      The incidence and spread of emerging infectious diseases are highly uncertain. This paper summarizes the uncertainty and complexity of emerging infectious disease, and suggests that for the response to the varied emerging infectious diseases in the future, it is still necessary for human to take the strategy of constantly strengthening the prevention and control capability and improving various preparedness protocols. For the better response to emerging infectious diseases and protection of people's health and life, the following measures can be taken, paying more attention to the layout of the infectious disease surveillance network, establishing and maintaining the laboratory surveillance network of infectious diseases, establishing and improving a "wartime-peacetime" transition mechanism or system of medical treatment and response, developing and improving the prevention and control plan for emerging infectious diseases, strengthening the training and rehearsal of emerging infectious disease treatment and response, establishing and improving the system for the grading, classification and stockpile of medical supplies for public health emergency response and establishing and maintaining the system of early warning of emerging infectious diseases and technical platform regulations.
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