文章摘要
张奕,孙晓东,田睿,王康琳,刘翌,肖利力.构建境外输入新型冠状病毒肺炎病例的快速风险评估体系[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(5):663-668
构建境外输入新型冠状病毒肺炎病例的快速风险评估体系
Establishment of a rapid risk assessment system for imported COVID-19 cases
收稿日期:2021-12-29  出版日期:2022-05-13
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20211229-01026
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎;输入;快速风险评估
英文关键词: COVID-19;Imported cases;Rapid risk assessment
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2021YFF0306005);海关总署科研项目(2021HK127)
作者单位E-mail
张奕 海关总署(北京)国际旅行卫生保健中心, 北京 100013  
孙晓东 北京海关, 北京 100026  
田睿 北京海关, 北京 100026  
王康琳 北京海关, 北京 100026  
刘翌 海关总署(北京)国际旅行卫生保健中心, 北京 100013  
肖利力 海关总署(北京)国际旅行卫生保健中心, 北京 100013 bithc2016@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 构建境外输入新型冠状病毒肺炎(新冠肺炎)病例的快速风险评估体系,为口岸疫情防控提供参考依据。方法 收集2021年7-8月12个关注国家的新冠肺炎疫情流行和防控情况,从12个方面构建境外输入病例的快速风险评估体系,利用风险矩阵法开展快速风险评估。结果 评估结果显示,12个关注国家均为境外输入病例的高风险地区或极高风险地区,其中俄罗斯和美国的输入风险最高。结论 基于风险矩阵法构建的快速风险评估体系能够帮助口岸工作人员判断疫情来源国从境外向我国输入病例的风险级别,2021年8月境外新冠肺炎病例输入北京市口岸的风险较高。
英文摘要:
      Objective To develop a rapid risk assessment tool for imported COVID-19 cases and provide reference evidences for prevention and control of COVID-19 at ports. Methods The information about COVID-19 pandemic and control strategies of 12 concerned countries was collected during July to August 2021, and 12 indexes were selected to assess the importation risk of COVID-19 by risk matrix. Results The risk for imported COVID-19 cases from 12 countries to China was high or extremely high, and the risk from Russia and the USA was highest.Conclusion The developed rapid risk assessment tool based on the risk matrix method can be used to determine the risk level of countries for imported COVID-19 cases to China at ports, and the risk of imported COVID-19 was high at Beijing port in August 2021.
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