文章摘要
刘世炜,肖琳.中国烟草流行监测的发展及挑战[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(6):804-810
中国烟草流行监测的发展及挑战
Development and challenges of tobacco epidemic surveillance in China
收稿日期:2021-11-30  出版日期:2022-06-16
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20211130-00931
中文关键词: 烟草流行;监测;调查;烟草控制
英文关键词: Tobacco epidemic;Surveillance;Survey;Tobacco control
基金项目:世界卫生组织全球成人烟草流行调查项目(WPCHN1814405)
作者单位E-mail
刘世炜 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
肖琳 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050 xiaolin@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      烟草使用是导致全球疾病负担主要的可预防危险因素,是我国面临的重大公共卫生问题。连续动态的烟草监测可以为制定控烟策略和措施、评价控烟效果提供关键指标数据。WHO将烟草监测纳入控烟的重要内容并在《烟草控制框架公约》中提出相关履约要求。中国政府积极推进控烟工作,特别是《烟草控制框架公约》生效以来,烟草监测得到不断加强,2021年起,我国的烟草监测工作被WHO评为达到最高等级。本文主要对全国范围内开展的成人和青少年烟草流行病学专项调查抽样设计、监测内容、关键指标定义和基于复杂抽样的数据加权进行阐述,并提出我国当前烟草监测面临的挑战,以期为我国烟草流行专项调查数据的理解和利用、调查结果的比较以及今后我国烟草监测工作的开展提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Tobacco use is the leading preventable risk factor causing the global burden of disease and one of China's most significant public health issues. Continuous and dynamic tobacco monitoring can provide critical index data for developing tobacco control strategies and measures and evaluating the impact of tobacco control. The WHO has incorporated monitoring programs into the crucial content of tobacco control and put forward relevant compliance requirements in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The Chinese government has actively promoted tobacco control significantly since the entry into force of the FCTC in China and continuously strengthened tobacco monitoring. In 2021, China's tobacco monitoring was honored to have reached the highest level required by the WHO. This study introduces the sampling design of tobacco surveys, monitoring content, the definition of key indicators and data weighting based on a complex sampling design, analyzing the challenges facing in the current setting, and provides a reference for the understanding and utilization of the data, the comparison of the results, and the future development of tobacco monitoring. The surveys involved in this study will focus on the specialized epidemiological surveys of tobacco for adults and adolescents carried out nationwide.
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