文章摘要
中国疫苗行业协会免疫服务指导与评价专业委员会.0~12月龄儿童联合疫苗使用和同时接种专家共识[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(8):1171-1177
0~12月龄儿童联合疫苗使用和同时接种专家共识
Expert consensus on the use of combination vaccine and simultaneous immunization in children aged 0-12 months
收稿日期:2022-04-29  出版日期:2022-08-13
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220429-00359
中文关键词: 联合疫苗  同时接种  免疫策略  共识
英文关键词: Combination vaccine  Simultaneous immunization  Immunization strategies  Consensus
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
中国疫苗行业协会免疫服务指导与评价专业委员会  yuwz@chinacdc.cn;machao@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      随着扩大国家免疫规划的实施和非免疫规划疫苗种类的增加,儿童可接种的疫苗种类和剂次不断增加,其中0~12月龄儿童接种疫苗种类和剂次较多的问题更为突出,影响其及时完成疫苗全程接种。使用联合疫苗或多种疫苗同时接种,可以简化免疫程序,提高接种率,给儿童提供更多的保护,也是未来发展趋势。在对国内外最新文献、免疫程序和疫苗说明书等进行整理和研究的基础上,汇总我国0~12月龄儿童免疫策略面临的问题和挑战,同时探讨解决路径,以期为基层预防接种人员合理安排接种提供参考。
英文摘要:
      As the implementation of national expanded program on immunization and the increase of non-immunization vaccine, the types and doses of vaccines for children are increasing accordingly. And the problems of 0-12 months children are more outstanding, which affects timely and entirely complete the vaccination. The use of combination vaccines, or simultaneous immunization which is also the future trend can simplify immunization procedures, increase vaccination rate and provide more protection for children. This paper was completed based on the review of the latest national and international literatures, immunization procedures and vaccine instructions, form the consensus of problems, challenges and solution of immunization strategies for 0-12 months children, with special aims to provide reference for reasonable vaccination arrangements for primary vaccination doctors in China.
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