文章摘要
孙闪华,李艳圆,许琰,卫宪钰,张亚楠,陈曦,贺晓新.2016-2021年北京市报告肺结核患者流动就诊情况分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(11):1746-1752
2016-2021年北京市报告肺结核患者流动就诊情况分析
Analysis on medical care seeking of local and non-local pulmonary tuberculosis patients reported in Beijing, 2016-2021
收稿日期:2022-05-22  出版日期:2022-11-22
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220522-00446
中文关键词: 结核,肺  流动人口  数据可视化
英文关键词: Tuberculosis, pulmonary  Floating population  Data visualization
基金项目:首都卫生发展科研专项(CFH2018-2-3021)
作者单位E-mail
孙闪华 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100013  
李艳圆 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100013  
许琰 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100013  
卫宪钰 中国人民解放军疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100071  
张亚楠 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100013  
陈曦 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100013 chenxi5000@163.com 
贺晓新 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100013 hexiaoxinbj@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析2016-2021年北京市报告肺结核患者流动就诊情况,为北京市结核病防控提供参考依据。方法 患者数据来源于中国疾病预防控制信息系统结核病管理信息系统和标准编码管理系统,地图数据来自中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,利用Excel 2016、SPSS 19.0、Python 3.9、ArcGIS 10.6软件分析病例的跨省流动和北京市内跨区流动情况。结果 2016-2021年北京市报告肺结核患者来自京外的占35.27%(24 307/68 926)。全国30个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团均有肺结核患者跨省流入北京市就诊。跨省来京就诊占比前5位分别为河北省(39.58%,9 620/24 307)、山西省(8.82%,2 145/24 307)、内蒙古自治区(8.66%,2 105/24 307)、黑龙江省(6.95%,1 690/24 307)和河南省(6.88%,1 672/24 307),占全部跨省流入患者的70.89%(17 232/24 307)。跨省流入患者的主要流入地区为北京市通州区(46.72%,11 356/24 307);主要流向医院为三级甲等医院,以首都医科大学附属北京胸科医院为主(44.76%,10 880/24 307)。现住址为北京市的肺结核患者中,市内跨区就诊比例为55.06%(24 566/44 619)。北京市16个区均同时存在病例流出和流入情况,16个区的患者在市内跨区流动的就诊比例MQ1Q3)为59.30%(56.05%,65.13%)。通州区、海淀区和西城区的患者流入数多于流出数,其他13个区的患者流出数多于流入数。北京市本地患者就诊主要流向首都医科大学附属北京胸科医院(42.18%,18 822/44 619)。结论 2016-2021年北京市报告肺结核患者的跨省流动和市内跨区流动性均较大,跨省流动主要流入北京市三级甲等医院,北京市本地患者主要流入市级结核病定点医疗机构。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the medical care seeking of local and non-local pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in Beijing from 2016 to 2021 and provide evidence for TB prevention and control in Beijing. Methods The reported pulmonary TB data from 2016 to 2021 were collected from tuberculosis management information system and standard code management system of Chinese information system for disease control and prevention. The map data were obtained from the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research. Excel 2016, SPSS 19.0, Python 3.9 and ArcGIS 10.6 softwares were used for data analysis and visualization for the inter-provincial mobility and inter-district mobility of pulmonary TB patient's medical care seeking in Beijing. Results Among the reported pulmonary TB patients in Beijing from 2016 to 2021, 35.27%(24 307/68 926) were from 30 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. The top 5 provinces with pulmonary TB patients medical care seeking in Beijing were Hebei (39.58%,9 620/24 307), Shanxi (8.82%,2 145/24 307), Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (8.66%,2 105/24 307), Heilongjiang (6.95%,1 690/24 307) and Henan (6.88%,1 672/24 307). Patients from these 5 provinces accounted for 70.89% (17 232/24 307) of total pulmonary TB patients from other provinces. The pulmonary TB patients from other provinces mainly flowed to Tongzhou district of Beijing, accounting for 46.72% (11 356/24 307). These pulmonary TB patients mainly visited grade Ⅲ (A) hospitals, such as Beijing Chest Hospital of Capital Medical University with the highest proportion of 44.76% (10 880/24 307). Among pulmonary TB patients with current residence in Beijing, those sought medical care in other districts accounted for 55.06% (24 566/44 619). The outflow and inflow of TB cases' medical care seeking occurred in 16 districts of Beijing. The median proportion of cross district medical care seeking in 16 districts was 59.30% (56.05%, 65.13%). The inflow of the medical care seeking in Tongzhou, Haidian and Xicheng district was greater than the outflow, and the outflow was greater than the inflow in the other 13 districts. The pulmonary TB patients in Beijing mainly went to Beijing Chest Hospital in Tongzhou for medical care seeking, accounting for 42.18%(18 822/44 619). Conclusions The proportions of non-local pulmonary TB patients seeking medical care in Beijing from 2016 to 2021 and local pulmonary TB patients seeking medical care in other districts in Beijing were high, and the hospitals where non-local pulmonary TB patients and local pulmonary TB patients sought medical care respectively belonged to grade Ⅲ (A) and municipal designated medical institutions of TB.
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