文章摘要
杜敏,刘民,刘珏.猴痘流行病学特征和临床特征及预防控制[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(12):2030-2035
猴痘流行病学特征和临床特征及预防控制
Epidemiological, clinical characteristics, prevention, and control of monkeypox
收稿日期:2022-07-27  出版日期:2022-12-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220727-00664
中文关键词: 猴痘  流行病学  临床特征  预防  控制
英文关键词: Monkeypox  Epidemiology  Clinical characteristics  Prevention  Control
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(72122001,72211540398,71934002)
作者单位E-mail
杜敏 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 北京 100191  
刘民 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 北京 100191  
刘珏 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 北京 100191 jueliu@bjmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      2022年7月23日,WHO宣布猴痘已构成国际关注的突发公共卫生事件。目前的研究表明,2022年多国猴痘病毒毒株仍为Clade Ⅱ。猴痘病例以男性为主,年龄范围较广。相比于既往研究,2022年研究报道病例的中位年龄增大,MSM占比增加。猴痘通常为自限性疾病,临床症状以发热和皮疹为主。研究显示2022年病例发热比例相较2022年前有所下降,且皮疹部位由脸颊为主转为以生殖器黏膜为主。2022年首次报道猴痘无症状感染者。尽管我国尚无猴痘本土病例,且输入风险较低,但随着我国与全球各国贸易交流加深,人员来往频繁,应当关注国际疫情的进展,做好疫情应急应对工作,防范可能的病例发生和传播。
英文摘要:
      The World Health Organization officially declared that monkeypox was public health emergency of international concern on July 23, 2022. Current research shows that the clades of monkeypox virus are still Clade Ⅱ in multiple countries in 2022. Monkeypox cases are mainly males, with a wide range of ages. Compared with the population in previous studies, the reported population in 2022 had an increased median age, and the proportion of men who have sex with men increased. Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease, with fever and rash as the primary clinical symptoms. Studies had shown that compared with before 2022, the proportion of fever in 2022 decreased, and the leading site of rash changed from cheek to genital mucosa. Asymptomatic monkeypox cases were first reported in 2022. Although there are no monkeypox local cases in China and imported risk is low, with the deepening of trade exchanges between countries in the world and frequent personnel exchanges, China should pay attention to the progress of the international epidemic and make efforts on emergency response, to prevent the possible occurrence and spread of cases.
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