文章摘要
商伟静,刘民.全球及主要国家新型冠状病毒感染监测系统概述及疫情数据分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2023,44(2):190-195
全球及主要国家新型冠状病毒感染监测系统概述及疫情数据分析
Summary of COVID-19 surveillance systems and analysis on surveillance data in the world, taking the WHO, Europe, United Kingdom, United States, Japan and China for example
收稿日期:2022-11-29  出版日期:2023-02-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20221029-00922
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒感染  大流行  监测系统  数据质量
英文关键词: COVID-19  Pandemic  Surveillance system  Data quality
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2021ZD0114101,2021ZD0114104,2021ZD0114105);国家疾病预防控制局监测预警司项目
作者单位E-mail
商伟静 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 北京 100191  
刘民 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 北京 100191 liumin@bjmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      通过对WHO、欧洲、英国、美国、日本和中国的新型冠状病毒感染(COVID-19)监测系统的性质、监测指标与报告时限以及疫情数据等进行分析,探究了监测数据与大流行的关系及可能的影响因素。在COVID-19全球大流行持续近3年时间中,全球及主要国家建立了COVID-19的监测系统,收集了监测数据。监测数据在大流行的应对和控制中起到关键作用,不仅可以反映COVID-19大流行的全貌,而且可以及时评估防疫政策的效果。但是,监测数据可能会受到不同国家的监测系统特点的影响。因此,对大流行现状及危害的认识除了利用监测数据外,还需要结合医疗机构挤兑情况、同一时期的超额死亡率等多源信息加以综合分析。
英文摘要:
      In this study, we evaluated the relationship between surveillance data and COVID-19 pandemic, and the potential influencing factors for surveillance data by analyzing the characteristics, indicators, reporting time, and reported data of COVID-19 surveillance systems established by the WHO, Europe, United Kingdom, United States, Japan and China in the past three years. Surveillance data play a key role in pandemic response and control, which can not only give a full picture of the pandemic but also provide evidence for the timely evaluation of the effectiveness of prevention and control policies. However, surveillance data might be influenced by the difference surveillance systems in different countries. Therefore, in addition to the surveillance data, the information from multiple sources, such as the squeeze status of medical institutions and the excess mortality rate in the same period, should be analyzed to comprehensively understand the global pandemic and its harms to people.
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