文章摘要
余林玲,龙品品,陈卫红,邬堂春.我国室内外空气污染所致主要慢性疾病的死亡和疾病负担研究进展[J].中华流行病学杂志,2023,44(5):699-704
我国室内外空气污染所致主要慢性疾病的死亡和疾病负担研究进展
Progress in research of deaths and disease burden of major chronic diseases caused by indoor and outdoor air pollution in China
收稿日期:2023-02-15  出版日期:2023-05-13
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20230215-00078
中文关键词: 空气污染  心血管疾病  癌症  糖尿病  慢性呼吸系统疾病
英文关键词: Air pollution  Cardiovascular disease  Cancer  Diabetes  Chronic respiratory disease
基金项目:中国工程院2022年重大战略研究与咨询项目(2022-XBZD-18-04)
作者单位E-mail
余林玲 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院劳动卫生与环境卫生学系/环境与健康教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430030  
龙品品 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院劳动卫生与环境卫生学系/环境与健康教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430030  
陈卫红 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院劳动卫生与环境卫生学系/环境与健康教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430030 wchen@mails.tjmu.edu.cn 
邬堂春 华中科技大学同济医学院, 武汉 430030 wut@mails.tjmu.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 3863
全文下载次数: 1349
中文摘要:
      空气污染导致包括慢性非传染性疾病(慢性病)在内的健康风险日益受到关注,随着工业化及城镇化进程加速,空气污染物排放增加,与慢性病关联已成为研究热点。心血管疾病、癌症、糖尿病和慢性呼吸系统疾病4种慢性病是我国主要的慢性病,其导致的死亡数约占总死亡人数的86.6%,慢性病的防控特别是病因预防是关乎国民健康的重大公共卫生问题。本文综述了近期室内外空气污染与总死亡以及4种主要慢性病的死亡和疾病负担的研究现状,提出降低空气污染所致慢性病负担的建议,为我国修订空气质量标准提供理论依据。
英文摘要:
      Health damage including chronic disease caused by air pollution have attracted increasing attention. With the acceleration of industrialization and urbanization, the emission of air pollutants has increased, and its association with chronic diseases has become a research trending topic. Cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease are the major chronic diseases, causing about 86.6% of the total deaths in China. The prevention and control of chronic diseases, especially the etiologic prevention, is a major public health issue related to national health. This article summarizes the recent progress in research of association of indoor and outdoor air pollution with all-cause mortality, the deaths and disease burden of four major chronic diseases, i.e. cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease, and puts forward suggestions for the reduction of the burden caused by chronic diseases due to air pollution to provide a theoretical foundation to revise air quality standards in China.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭