文章摘要
葛洲坝库区疟疾监测组.长江葛洲坝库区疟疾监测报告[J].中华流行病学杂志,1987,8(4):224-227
长江葛洲坝库区疟疾监测报告
A Surveilant Report of Malaria in the Area of Ge Zhou Ba Reservoir
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-31
DOI:
中文关键词: 疟疾  人群带虫率  中华按蚊
英文关键词: Malaria  The parasite rate of inhabitants  Anopheles Sinensis
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作者单位
葛洲坝库区疟疾监测组  
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中文摘要:
      本文报告了长江葛洲坝水库建成蓄水后1981~1985年疟疾监测结果。五年发病率分别为19.60/万、14.59/万、5.12/万、1.98/万、1.32/万,平均为8.72/万。与蓄水前五年相比下降80.3%,有显著性差异。病原学及血清学调查均与疫情报告相一致,呈明显下降趋势。库区内共发现6种按蚊,传疟媒介以中华按蚊为主。蓄水后蚊媒孳生地没有大幅度增加,种群数量基本平行一致。根据五年的监测结果分析,我们认为葛洲坝工程对疟疾的影响不大;但库区内的流行因素及环节依然俱在,应继续进行观察,以便及时采取措施。
英文摘要:
      Ge Zhou Ba reservoir has been built and began to store water since 1981, this paper reports the surveilant results of malaria in the area around the reservoir from 1981 to 1985. During the five years, the incidences were 19.6‱, 14.95‱, 5.12‱, 1.98‱, 1.32‱, respectively. The average incidence was 8.72‱, which was dropped 80.3% compared with the period from 1976 to 1980, the difference is very significant. The results of the etiological and sero-epidemiological survey coincide with the report of the incidence. Six species of Anopheles were found and Anopheles sinensis was a main infective vector in the area around the reservoir. Having stored water in the reservior, the area of breeding ground of mosquitoes increased a little, so the quantity of the mosquitoes was rarely changed as well. Depending on the analysis of the surveilant result from 1981 to 1985, we consider that there is no significant effect on the incidence of malaria in the area of Ge Zhou Ba resernior, but the infections factors and chains still existed, so surveilance would be go on in order to control the epidemic of malaria in the area around the reservior.
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