文章摘要
王舜钦,张金良,曾晓东,曾奕民,陈淑云.应用手工化测试研究机动车尾气污染对儿童神经行为功能的[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(11):1073-1076
应用手工化测试研究机动车尾气污染对儿童神经行为功能的
Effects of traffic exhausts 0n children’s neurobehavioral functiOns scored bv neurobehavioral evaluationmethods】 in Quanzhou,Fujian province
投稿时间:2007-04-19  
DOI:
中文关键词: 神经行为功能;机动车尾气;健康效应;儿童
英文关键词: Neurobehavioral functions;Traffic exhausts;Health effects;Children
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(30571533);北京市自然科学基金资助项目(7032025)
作者单位E-mail
王舜钦 北京大学公共卫生学院劳动卫生与环境卫生学系, 100083  
张金良 北京大学公共卫生学院劳动卫生与环境卫生学系, 100083 jinliangzhg@263.net 
曾晓东 福建省泉州市卫生监督所  
曾奕民 泉州市卫生局  
陈淑云 泉州市鲤城区疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的采用手工化神经行为功能测试初步探讨低水平机动车尾气暴露对儿童神经行为功能的影响。方法,根据环境监测数据和道路机动车流量,在福建省泉州市某区选择机动车尾气污染程度不同的2所小学作为研究现场。以调查学校二、三年级所有学生为研究对象,进行问卷调查和神经行为功能测试,最后选择在当地居住时间≥3年、测试时健康状况良好的861名儿童进行分析。结果2所学校瑞文测试得分基本相同;学校B划消测试得分低于学校A,但是差异无统计学意义(P=0.071);AN0vA显示学校B儿童的数字符号、目标瞄准追踪、符号记入、连接数字测试的得分显著低于学校A(P<0.001)。在控制其他因素后,位于机动车尾气污染严重地区的学校B儿童的数字符号、目标瞄准追踪、符号记入、连接数字测试的得分比低暴露的学校A的儿童分别低2.9、11.5、5.6和1.6分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001)。结论长期低水平机动车尾气暴露对儿童的神经行为功能有不良影响。
英文摘要:
      objective To explore the effects of traffic exhausts on children’s neurobehavioralfunctions.methods A field study was conducted in Quanzhou,Fujian prOvince where two primary schoolswere chosen based on the numbers of automobiles passing by,and the data of ambient air pollutants from themonitoring system. Sch∞l B and Sch∞1 A located at the high traffic exhausts pollution area and the cleararea,respectively.Neurobehavioral functions of pupils in grade 2 and 3 were scored.results School B hadvery similar score of Ruiwen Test with SchOol A,while the score of D波it Eras TeSt was lower than that inSch∞l A with marginal significance.The sc。res of Digit Symbol,Aim Tracing,Sign Register and CormectNumber test were 38.5±9.96,84.3±27.83,37.4±11.62 and 17.1±5.88 in School B,respectively,whichwere significantly lower than those in School A(41.6±12.97,95.5±35.80,42.3±15.58 and18.7±5.78)respectively.Scores in Digit Symb01,Aim Tracing,Sign Register and Cormect Number ofpupilsin SchoOl B were 2.9,11.5,5.6 and 1,6 lower than those in Sch∞1 A after adjusting on otherconfounding factors. conclusion It was suggested that traffic exhausts might cause damage to children’sneurobehavioral functions.
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