文章摘要
齐文明,徐新瑞,刘娟,袁敏,封文波.石家庄市498名大学生人格障碍倾向现况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2009,30(1):26-29
石家庄市498名大学生人格障碍倾向现况调查
Distribution regarding tendency on personality disorder among college students in Shijiazhuang city
收稿日期:2008-04-01  出版日期:2014-09-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 人格障碍  心理测定学  大学生  人格障碍问卷
英文关键词: Personality disorder  Psychometrics  College student  Personality diagnostic questionnaire-revised
基金项目:河北省哲学社会科学规划资助项目(200603006);河北师范大学科研基金资助项目(W2005Q10)
作者单位
齐文明 050091石家庄, 河北师范大学教育学院(齐文明、徐新瑞、刘娟、封文波) 
徐新瑞 050091石家庄, 河北师范大学教育学院(齐文明、徐新瑞、刘娟、封文波) 
刘娟 石家庄市第四中学(袁敏) 
袁敏 050091石家庄, 河北师范大学教育学院(齐文明、徐新瑞、刘娟、封文波) 
封文波 050091石家庄, 河北师范大学教育学院(齐文明、徐新瑞、刘娟、封文波) 
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查石家庄市大学生人格障碍倾向的分布.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,使用人格障碍问卷(UPDI)调查石家庄市6所高校498名大学生与北京市3所高校204名大学生.结果 石家庄市大学生各型人格障碍倾向的分布差别很大,其中依赖型(2.81%)、表演型(2.41%)、边缘型(2.21%)检出率较高;强迫型(0.40%)、分裂型(0.60%)检出率较低.各型人格障碍倾向的检出率分别受性别、专业类型、血型、年级、城乡等因素的影响.该样本的轻、中、重度人格障碍倾向的总检出率为28.31%,其中轻度人格障碍倾向(人格偏离)的检出率为17.07%,中重度人格障碍倾向的检出率为11.24%.中重度人格障碍倾向中,男性高于女性.分离型、回避型、偏执型、强迫型、表演型、自恋型存在血型差异.偏执型、依赖型和自恋型平均分城市均高于农村.回避型人格障碍倾向中,大学一年级与其他年级有显著差异.结论 大学生人格障碍倾向存在性别、年级、血型、城乡和专业类型方面的差异.
英文摘要:
      Objective To survey the prevalence of tendency on tendency of personality disorder among college students.Methods By means of stratified cluster sampling,498 students from 6 colleges in Shijiazhuang city and 204 students from 3 colleges in Beijing were studied through 'personality diagnostic questionnaire- revised UPDI'.Results The incidence rates on dependent personality (2.81%),histrionic personality (2.41% ) and borderline personality (2.21% ) were higher than obsessive- compulsive personality (0.40%) and schizoid personality (0.60%).The prevalence of personality disorder tendency was related to sex,major and years in college,blood type as well as their origins(from urban or rural).The overall incidence of personality disorder was 28.31% while the incidence rates of personality deviation and serious personality disorder tendency were 17.07% and 11.24% respectively.The incidence in males was higher than that in females.There appeared differences in dissociative personality,avoidant personality,paranoid personality,obsessive-compulsive personality,histrionic personality and narcissistic personality on people with different blood types.The scores of the city students were higher than that of the students from the rural areas regarding paranoid personality,dependent personality and narcissistic personality.Differences were also noticed between freshmen and students from other levels in the incidence rates on the tendency of avoidant personality disorder.Conclusion There were different incidence rates on the tendency of personality disorder among college students that related to sex,level in college and the origins where they were from(urban or rural).
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