文章摘要
周白瑜,于普林.老年人跌倒[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(11):1068-1073
老年人跌倒
Falls in the elderly
收稿日期:2011-10-08  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 跌倒;老年人
英文关键词: Falls;Elderly
基金项目:卫生部中国卫生政策支持项目(HPSP)(CS200702-13)
作者单位E-mail
周白瑜 卫生部北京医院老年医学研究所 100730 pulin_yu@163.163.con 
于普林 卫生部北京医院老年医学研究所 100730  
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中文摘要:
      1987年Kellogg国际老年人跌倒预防工作组将跌倒定义为无意图的摔倒在地或一些更低的平面上,但不包括暴力、意识丧失、偏瘫或是癫痫发作所致跌倒[1]。老年人跌倒发生率高,后果严重,是老年伤残、失能和死亡的重要原因之一,是威胁老年人健康和生命的重要原因。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the development on infrastructure and professional contingence related to injury prevention and contr01.in China.Methods 38 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC)were investigated by using a self designed questionnaire and data was analyzed descriptively.Results At present.all the CDCs at provincial and city level had not set up a specific department related to inJury prevention and contr01.except for Shanghai and Guangxi CDCs. The proportions of full-time and part.time stafr in ail of the investigated CDCs were 37.30%and 62.70%respectively.From 2005 to 2008.the proportions of CDC which had made funds more than 500 000 Yuan available on injury prevention and con901 were:27.78%in the eastern areas.28.58%in central and 7.69%in the western areas of China.Thcrc were 76.92%of the CDCs in the western areas of China that the invested funding was Iess than l 00 000 Yuan in the past years.Most of the routine work that had been carried out in those CDCs were surveillance and public education programs including collection of data and special surveys related to injuries on children.adolescents and the elderly population.44.44%,and 28.57%of血e CDCs in the eastern and central parts of the country wished to establish a Department of iniury prevention and contr01.while 76.92%of the CDCs in the western part expressed their strong request for professional training on iniury.Conclusion China remained underdevciopcd in the development of institutionaI and profcssional team working on injuries which called for,setting up related programs to suit the local needs.In accordanee wi也the working condition,the progress that had been made and the objective demand on institutional and professional contingence of the problems in difl’erent areas’both short and medium terms on the issue, need to be put forward to develop both institutional and professional programs on injuries in the eastern,central。and western areas of China.
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