文章摘要
姜海,阚飙.我国布鲁氏菌病防控现状、进展及建议[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(9):1424-1427
我国布鲁氏菌病防控现状、进展及建议
Current status, progress and suggestions regarding prevention and control of brucellosis in China
收稿日期:2020-04-08  出版日期:2020-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200408-00536
中文关键词: 布鲁氏菌病;防控
英文关键词: Brucellosis;Prevention and control
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2018ZX10714-002)
作者单位E-mail
姜海 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 传染病预防控制国家重点实验室, 感染性疾病协同诊治协同创新中心, 北京 102206  
阚飙 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 传染病预防控制国家重点实验室, 感染性疾病协同诊治协同创新中心, 北京 102206 kanbiao@icdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      布鲁氏菌病(布病)是一种易被忽视的人畜共患病。不仅严重危害人民身体健康,而且也严重影响畜牧业、旅游业、国际贸易的发展,还会带来食品安全隐患。在过去的20年里,人类和动物布病的防控已经取得了较大进展。与此同时,特别是在发展中国家,控制和根除布病仍然面临巨大的挑战。近年来,随着我国家畜饲养量不断增加,动物及其产品流通频繁,人畜接触机会增加,布病流行范围也不断扩大。全国布病疫情相对集中在内蒙古及其毗邻省份,其原因比较复杂,与畜牧经济发展、历史疫区活跃、传染源的流动及对布病重视程度等诸多因素都有很大关系。本文将重点介绍布病在中国的防控工作历程、监测情况和防治现状,并提出防控建议。
英文摘要:
      Brucellosis is a neglected zoonosis, which not only endangers health of the people but also affects the development of animal husbandry, tourism and international trade as well as food safety. In the past two decades, great progress has been achieved in the prevention and control of both human and animal brucellosis, however, tremendous challenges still exists in the control and eradication of brucellosis, especially in the developing countries. In recent years, along with the increase of livestock breeding and animal or related product trade, human contacts with livestock has increased, resulting in the expansion of brucellosis endemic areas. In China, the brucellosis endemic areas are mainly distributed in Inner Mongolia and adjacent provinces, which might be explained by a lot of reasons, such as the development of animal husbandry, emerging and re-emerging of brucellosis endemic area and the movement of infection sources and degree of paid-attention. This paper summarizes the current status and progress in brucellosis prevention/control and surveillance in China and puts forward suggestions for the future improvement.
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