文章摘要
张剑峰,张洪洋,张世鹏,田甜,杜学博,朱玉良,吴殿坤,高燕,马静,战勇,李颖,张秋菊,田文静,遇晓杰,赵亚双,焦广宇,孙殿军.黑龙江省新型冠状病毒肺炎本土相关疫情流行特征[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(12):2005-2009
黑龙江省新型冠状病毒肺炎本土相关疫情流行特征
COVID-19 epidemic and its characteristics in Heilongjiang province
收稿日期:2020-05-21  出版日期:2020-12-25
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200521-00752
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎;流行状况;聚集
英文关键词: COVID-19;Epidemic;Cluster of case
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张剑峰 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心, 哈尔滨 150030  
张洪洋 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心突发公共卫生事件应急处理办公室, 哈尔滨 150030  
张世鹏 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心老龄健康研究所, 哈尔滨 150030  
田甜 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室 150081  
杜学博 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心疾病监测信息所, 哈尔滨 150030  
朱玉良 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 哈尔滨 150030  
吴殿坤 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心突发公共卫生事件应急处理办公室, 哈尔滨 150030  
高燕 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心突发公共卫生事件应急处理办公室, 哈尔滨 150030  
马静 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制所, 哈尔滨 150030  
战勇 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心疾病监测信息所, 哈尔滨 150030  
李颖 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院营养与食品卫生学教研室 150081  
张秋菊 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室 150081  
田文静 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室 150081  
遇晓杰 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 哈尔滨 150030 yxjie2008@sina.com 
赵亚双 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室 150081 zhao_yashuang@263.net 
焦广宇 黑龙江省疾病预防控制中心, 哈尔滨 150030  
孙殿军 哈尔滨医科大学地方病防治中心 150081  
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中文摘要:
      目的 描述黑龙江省新型冠状病毒肺炎(新冠肺炎)本土相关疫情的流行状况及特点,为黑龙江省新冠肺炎防控策略提供参考依据。方法 新冠肺炎个案调查、聚集性疫情调查资料来源于中国CDC全国传染病报告信息管理系统和突发公共卫生事件报告管理信息系统。采用Excel 2010和SPSS 23.0软件整理数据与统计学分析,描述人群、时间及地区分布特征。结果 2020年1月22日黑龙江省报告首例新冠肺炎确诊病例,截至2020年3月11日,13个城市累计报告境内病例482例,发病率为1.28/10万,病死率为2.70%(13/482)。其中聚集性疫情81起,确诊病例数占总确诊病例的79.25%(382/482),死亡12例;家庭聚集70起(86.42%,70/81)。与散发病例相比,聚集性疫情尤其是家庭聚集性病例中,病死率、≥60岁老年人与重/危重型的比例均较高,差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05)。涉及病例≥5例的聚集性疫情占41.98%(34/81),涉及病例数占聚集性病例的68.31%(261/382),涉及6~9例病例数的聚集性疫情中,年龄≥65岁者的比例较多(26.53%,39/147)。结论 黑龙江省新冠肺炎的发病率较高,前期疫情较为严重;聚集性疫情尤其是家庭聚集涉及病例数较多。
英文摘要:
      Objective To describe the COVID-19 epidemic and its characteristics in Heilongjiang province, and provide evidence for the further prevention and control of COVID-19 in the province. Methods The information of COVID-19 cases and clusters were collected from national notifiable disease report system and management information system for reporting public health emergencies of China CDC. The Software's of Excel 2010 and SPSS 23.0 were applied for data cleaning and statistical analysis on the population, time and area distributions of COVID-19 cases. Results On January 22, 2020, the first confirmed case of COVID-19 was reported in Heilongjiang. By March 11, 2020, a total of 482 cases domestic case of COVID-19, The incidence rate was 1.28/100 000, the mortality rate was 2.70% (13/482) in 13 municipalities in Heilongjiang. There were 81 clusters of COVID-19, The number of confirmed cases accounted for 79.25% (382/482) of the total confirmed cases and 12 cases of deaths. The family clusters accounted for 86.42% (70/81). Compared with the sporadic cases, the mortality rate, proportion of elderly cases aged 60 or above and severe or critical cases of clinical classification were all higher in the clusters especially the family clusters, but the differences were not significant (P>0.05). There were 34 clusters involving more than 5 confirmed cases accounted for 41.98% (34/81) of the total clusters, the involved cases accounted for 68.31% (261/382) of the total cases of clusters. There were significant differences in age distribution of the cases among the case clusters with different case numbers. In the clusters involving 6-9 cases, the proportion of cases aged 65 years or above was more (26.53%, 39/147). Conclusions The incidence rate of COVID-19 was relatively high and the early epidemic was serious in Heilongjiang, The number of cases was large in clusters especially family clusters.
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