Abstract
赵玉芹,吴静,邬辉,郭世成.江西省2015-2022年0~14岁人群流行性腮腺炎流行特征分析[J].Chinese journal of Epidemiology,2024,45(2):225-229
江西省2015-2022年0~14岁人群流行性腮腺炎流行特征分析
Epidemiological characteristics of mumps among people aged 0-14 in Jiangxi Province, 2015-2022
Received:August 05, 2023  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20230805-00056
KeyWord: 流行性腮腺炎  流行特征  含腮腺炎成分疫苗
English Key Word: Mumps  Epidemic characteristics  Containing mumps vaccine
FundProject:江西省卫生健康委员会科技计划(202211306);中华预防医学会预防接种信息化与服务能力提升项目(CPMA-JY2021-016)
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Zhao Yuqin Institute of Immunization Programmes, Jiangxi Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanchang 330029, China  
Wu Jing Institute of Immunization Programmes, Jiangxi Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanchang 330029, China  
Wu Hui Institute of Immunization Programmes, Jiangxi Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanchang 330029, China  
Guo Shicheng Institute of Immunization Programmes, Jiangxi Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanchang 330029, China fyzjmk@126.com 
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Abstract:
      目的 分析2015-2022年江西省0~14岁人群流行性腮腺炎(流腮)流行特征和含腮腺炎成分疫苗(含腮疫苗)接种情况,为江西省流腮疫情防控提供科学依据。方法 2015-2022年江西省流腮疫情和含腮疫苗接种数据来源于中国疾病预防控制信息系统和江西省免疫规划信息系统,采用描述性流行病学方法对其进行分析。采用χ2检验、聚类分析、Cochran-Armitage趋势检验进行统计学分析。结果 2015-2022年江西省0~14岁人群流腮共报告40 734人,年均报告发病率为53.69/10万,高发年龄为6~7岁组,报告发病率为86.43/10万。2015-2019年高发季节为夏、冬季,2020-2022年无明显高发季节。流腮暴发疫情主要发生在上饶市、赣州市、吉安市,暴发场所以小学为主。2015- 2019年含腮疫苗接种以1岁年龄组为主,2020-2021年以0岁、1岁年龄组为主。结论 2015-2022年江西省0~14岁人群流腮发病呈下降趋势,高发年龄为6~7岁,建议继续加强适龄儿童2剂次含腮疫苗覆盖率,同时加强重点场所流腮的监测和防控,以避免疫情暴发。
English Abstract:
      Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics of mumps in people aged 0-14 years in Jiangxi Province and the vaccination situation of mumps-containing vaccines (including mumps vaccines) from 2015 to 2022 to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of mumps epidemic in Jiangxi Province. Methods The mumps epidemic situation and mumps vaccination data in Jiangxi Province from 2015 to 2022 were obtained from Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System and Jiangxi Immunization Program Information System and were analyzed using descriptive epidemiological methods. The chi-square test, cluster analysis, and Cochran-Armitage trend test were used for statistical analysis. Results From 2015 to 2022, a total of 40 734 cases of mumps were reported in people aged 0-14 in Jiangxi Province, with an annual average reported incidence rate of 53.69/100 000, and the peak of incidence occurred in aged 6-7 years group, and the reported incidence rate was 86.43/100 000. The high incidence seasons in 2015-2019 were summer and winter, and there was no significant high incidence season in 2020-2022. Mumps outbreaks mainly occurred in Shangrao, Ganzhou, and Ji'an, and the outbreak sites were mainly reported primary schools. From 2015 to 2019, the 1-year group was the primary age group for vaccination against mumps, while from 2020 to 2021, it was 0 and 1-year groups. Conclusions From 2015 to 2022, the incidence of mumps in the population aged 0-14 in Jiangxi Province showed a downward trend, and the peak of incidence occurred in age group 6-7 years. It is suggested to continue to strengthen the coverage rate of 2 doses of mumps vaccination for school-age children and, simultaneously, strengthen the monitoring and prevention of mumps in key places to avoid outbreaks.
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