Abstract
陈钢,屈燕,李玉红,王嘉,董龙雨,罗小峰,赵雁林.中国老年人结核病防治核心信息知晓率及影响因素分析[J].Chinese journal of Epidemiology,2024,45(2):237-241
中国老年人结核病防治核心信息知晓率及影响因素分析
Analysis of the awareness rate and correlates of core information on tuberculosis prevention and control in elderly in Chinese
Received:June 06, 2023  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20230606-00351
KeyWord: 结核病  老年人  知晓率  影响因素
English Key Word: Tuberculosis  Elderly  Awareness rate  Influencing factors
FundProject:中央财政结核病预防控制项目(232811)
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Chen Gang Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China  
Qu Yan National Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China  
Li Yuhong National Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China  
Wang Jia National Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China  
Dong Longyu Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China  
Luo Xiaofeng Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China luoxiaof@lzu.edu.cn 
Zhao Yanlin National Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China zhaoyl@chinacdc.cn 
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Abstract:
      目的 了解中国老年人对结核病防治核心信息的知晓情况及其影响因素。方法 纳入2020年“十三五”全国结核病防治规划终期评估的知晓率专项调查中全部≥60岁老年人,获得有效调查问卷13 706份。采用多因素logistic回归分析老年人结核病防治核心信息知晓率的影响因素。结果 我国≥60岁老年人结核病防治核心信息总知晓率为78.4%,其中“肺结核的可疑症状”的知晓率最高(85.4%),“肺结核是否可以治好”的知晓率最低(65.3%),老年人结核病核心信息全部知晓率为41.3%,接受结核病健康教育比例为67.6%。多因素logistic回归分析结果显示,老年人结核病防治核心信息全部知晓率低的影响因素包括女性(OR=0.93,95%CI:0.86~1.00);70~岁(OR=0.91,95%CI:0.84~0.98)和≥80岁(OR=0.77,95%CI:0.68~0.87);少数民族(OR=0.85,95%CI:0.74~0.99);全部知晓率高的影响因素包括文化程度初中(OR=1.46,95%CI:1.34~1.58)、高中(OR=1.62,95%CI:1.45~1.81)、大专(OR=1.37,95%CI:1.11~1.68)和本科及以上(OR=1.52,95%CI:1.09~2.11);接受结核病健康教育(OR=2.13,95%CI:1.97~2.27)。结论 2020年我国≥60岁老年人对结核病防治核心信息总知晓率低于国家规划目标,应加大对女性、≥70岁、少数民族以及文化程度较低的老年人群结核病健康教育力度。
English Abstract:
      Objective To understand the awareness and influencing factors of core information on tuberculosis prevention and control in the elderly population in China. Methods The study included all participants aged ≥60 from the "13th Five-Year" National Tuberculosis Control Plan end-term assessment in 2020, with 13 706 valid questionnaires obtained. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of the awareness rate of core information on tuberculosis prevention and control in the elderly. Results The total awareness rate of core information on tuberculosis prevention and control in the elderly aged ≥60 was 78.4%, with the highest for "suspicious symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis" (85.4%) and the lowest for "whether pulmonary tuberculosis can be cured" (65.3%). The complete awareness rate of core information on tuberculosis prevention and control in the elderly was 41.3%, and the proportion of those who received tuberculosis health education is 67.6%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that factors associated with low awareness of core information included females (OR=0.93, 95%CI: 0.86-1.00), ages 70- (OR=0.91, 95%CI: 0.84-0.98) and ≥80 (OR=0.77, 95%CI: 0.68-0.87) and minority ethnicity (OR=0.85, 95%CI: 0.74-0.99). Factors associated with high awareness of core information included educational levels of junior high school (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 1.34-1.58), high school (OR=1.62, 95%CI: 1.45-1.81), junior college (OR=1.37, 95%CI: 1.11-1.68), and an undergraduate degree or higher (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 1.09-2.11), and receiving tuberculosis health education (OR=2.13, 95%CI: 1.97-2.27). Conclusions In 2020, the awareness rate of core information on tuberculosis prevention and control in Chinese older adults aged ≥60 was lower than the national planning target. Therefore, there should be an increased focus on health education about tuberculosis for elderly females, those aged ≥70, ethnic minorities, and those with lower education levels.
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