Abstract
仇龙菲,赵园园,张华,薛晓嘉,赵泱,徐瑶瑶,段海平.青岛市2019-2020年成年人慢性肾脏病患病状况分析[J].Chinese journal of Epidemiology,2024,45(5):694-699
青岛市2019-2020年成年人慢性肾脏病患病状况分析
Analysis on prevalence of chronic kidney disease in adults in Qingdao, 2019-2020
Received:October 20, 2023  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20231020-00242
KeyWord: 慢性肾脏病  成年人  患病率
English Key Word: Chronic kidney disease  Adults  Prevalence
FundProject:青岛市医疗卫生重点学科建设(2020A09);青岛市医药科研指导计划(2019-WJZD149);青岛市科技惠民示范专项(23-2-8-smjk-18-nsh)
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Qiu Longfei College of Public Health of Shandong Second Medical University, Weifang 261053, China  
Zhao Yuanyuan Department of Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao 266071, China  
Zhang Hua Department of Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao 266071, China  
Xue Xiaojia Department of Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao 266071, China  
Zhao Yang College of Public Health of Shandong Second Medical University, Weifang 261053, China  
Xu Yaoyao College of Public Health of Shandong Second Medical University, Weifang 261053, China  
Duan Haiping Department of Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Qingdao 266071, China duan_hp@126.com 
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Abstract:
      目的 了解青岛市成年人慢性肾脏病(CKD)的患病情况。方法 于2019年5月至2020年9月采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法,在青岛市抽取≥18岁常住居民6 240例研究对象,采用面对面调查方式收集调查对象的人口统计学资料。使用SPSS 25.0软件对青岛市成年人CKD患病情况进行分析。结果 本研究最终纳入5 996例研究对象。青岛市成年人CKD患病率为8.22%;男性和女性CKD患病率分别为7.70%、8.74%。城市居民CKD患病率(10.28%)高于农村居民(7.25%),不同年龄组、文化程度、婚姻状况成年人CKD患病率差异有统计学意义(均P<0.001)。CKD患病率呈现随年龄增长而升高、随文化程度升高而降低的趋势。结论 青岛市成年人CKD患病率较高,需积极开展CKD的早期防治工作,加强CKD的筛查和预防,减少CKD的发生与发展。
English Abstract:
      Objective To understand the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults in Qingdao. Methods A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used to select 6 240 local residents aged ≥18 years in Qingdao as study subjects from May 2019 to September 2020, the demographic data of the study subjects were collected by face-to-face survey method. The prevalence of CKD in adults in Qingdao were analyzed using software SPSS 25.0. Results A total of 5 996 adults in Qingdao were included in this study. The overall prevalence rate of CKD in the adults was 8.22%. The prevalence rates of CKD in men and women were 7.70% and 8.74%, respectively. The prevalence rate of CKD was 10.28% in urban residents and 7.25% in rural residents, the differences in the prevalence of CKD among different age, educational level and marital status groups were significant (P<0.001). The prevalence of CKD tended to increase with age and decrease with the increase of education level. Conclusions The prevalence of CKD in adults of Qingdao was relatively high. It is necessary to actively carry out the early prevention and treatment of CKD and strengthen the screening and prevention of CKD to reduce the incidence and slow development of CKD.
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