Abstract
侯建荣,周梓峰,袁俊,陆泽琪,张周斌.以胜任力为导向的公共卫生硕士校外实践培养体系的构建探索[J].Chinese journal of Epidemiology,2024,45(5):738-742
以胜任力为导向的公共卫生硕士校外实践培养体系的构建探索
Exploration of construction of a competency-oriented off-campus practical training system for master of public health
Received:October 25, 2023  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20231025-00249
KeyWord: 胜任力  公共卫生  专业硕士  校外实践体系
English Key Word: Competency  Public health  Master of public health  Off-campus practice system
FundProject:
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Hou Jianrong Department of Scientific Research Management and Vocational Training, Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou 510440, China  
Zhou Zifeng School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510440, China  
Yuan Jun Department of Scientific Research Management and Vocational Training, Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou 510440, China  
Lu Zeqi Department of Scientific Research Management and Vocational Training, Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou 510440, China  
Zhang Zhoubin Department of Scientific Research Management and Vocational Training, Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou 510440, China zhang_zhoubin@163.com 
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Abstract:
      目的 探索构建以胜任力为导向的公共卫生硕士(MPH)校外实践培养体系。方法 通过文献检索,分析国内外MPH专业学位培养模式,以胜任力为导向创新设计一个全面的、可行的MPH校外实践培养体系。结果 中山大学-广州市CDC高水平公共卫生人才培养示范基地针对实践时长2年以上的MPH探索构建了“4+N+综合评价”的实践体系,“4”代表基于实践的教学、专业实践、公共卫生项目管理参与和科研训练,分别培养MPH“公共卫生科学”“操作与实践”“人群健康管理”“卓越技能”能力。“N”代表拓展实践,培养MPH“综合能力与职业精神”能力,以综合评价来评估培养效果。结论 本研究构建以胜任力为导向的MPH“4+N+综合评价”校外实践体系,培养新时期社会需求的高层次应用型公共卫生人才。
English Abstract:
      Objective To explore the construction of a competency-oriented off-campus practice training system for master of public health (MPH). Methods Through literature review and analysis on domestic and foreign MPH degree training models, a comprehensive and feasible MPH off-campus practice training system was designed innovatively. Results The construction of a "4+N+Comprehensive Evaluation" practice system for MPH programs with a practice duration of more than 2 years has been explored by high-level public health talent training demonstration base of Sun Yat-sen University-Guangzhou CDC. "4" represents practice-based teaching, professional practice, participation in public health project management, and research for the training of MPH in terms of theory, practice, management and research anility of public health. "N" represents expanded practice to train MPH with comprehensive competence and professional spirit," and comprehensive evaluation is used to assess the training effect. Conclusion A competency MPH off-campus practice system of "4+N+Comprehensive Evaluation" has been established for the training of high-level public health professionals in new era.
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